Dr. Maurice E.

DR MAURICE EDWARD BAKER was born on March 18, 1893 to Michael J. and Dora S. Baker of Cleveland County, North Carolina. His father was a farmer. Maurice Baker graduated from nearby Fallston NC High School in 1913. When he registered for the draft at Fallston in 1917 he was working on his own farm. After serving in the Armed Forces during World War I, he returned to school, graduating from the University of North Carolina in 1921.

Maurice Baker came north to attend medical school, and graduated from Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia in 1921. He interned at Cooper Hospital in Camden in 1922, and then set up his own practice in gynecology and obstetrics.

Dr. Baker was affiliated with the Camden General Hospital, and was a member of the Camden County Medical Society and the American Medical Association.

By 1930 Dr. Baker had made his home at 1149 Kaighn Avenue, at the corner of Kaighn Avenue and Rose Street. He was married to the former Rebecca Zieger. The Bakers had two children, Jane and Robert, both born after April of 1930. The family had moved to 200 West Maple Avenue in Merchantville NJ by 1947. Dr. Baker was still practicing medicine in Camden, although not at the Kaighn Avenue address.

Dr. Baker was involved in local politics. A Democrat, he ran unsuccessfully in the May 1935 elections for Camden's City Commission, on the same slate as Frank J. Hartmann, Jr., Mary W. Kobus, and George Brunner. Dr. Baker was appointed staff physician for the Camden City department of public works at an annual salary of $1500 in February of 1936.

Dr. Maurice Edward Baker passed away in 1954. Dr. Baker's younger brother, Banks S. Baker, also practiced medicine in Camden


Hartmann Names Dr. Baker Public Works Staff Physician
Civil Service Commission Asked to Approve $1500 Job

The State Civil Service Commission has been requested to authorize appointment of a staff physician for the Camden City department of public works at an annual salary of $1500, and Dr. Maurice E. Baker has been named to the post on an ad interim appointment by Commissioner Frank J. Hartmann, Jr.

Dr. Baker, a Democrat, was a candidate for city commissioner last May on the New Deal-Non Partisan ticket, which elected Hartmann and Commissioners Mary W. Kobus and George E. Brunner.

Hartmann said last night that Dr. Baker has been acting as staff physician for the past four days and has made 12 examinations.

Some of these, Hartmann said, were for city employees with frost­bitten toes, fingers and ears, who are claiming compensation, and one was of a woman who slipped and fell on a sidewalk.

"Dr. Baker, of course, is not getting paid a salary now," Hartmann said, "but we hope he can be placed on a salary as a money-saving movement.

"Heretofore the physicians examining city workmen on compensation claims have charged the city $10 for each examination.

"I expect Dr. Baker to make 600 to 700 calls a year, most of them examinations, and thus get the work, done for $2 in each case.

"I expect also to save money on compensation claims by having Dr. Baker make examinations of any new men hired, so that we may be sure they are in good physical condition. As it is a man could receive an injury somewhere else, go to work for the city and then claim compensation for the injury by pretending it happened on the city job.

"Dr. Baker's examinations of the present employees will lead to compensation claim savings also, as we will be in position to make some of these men take steps to protect themselves and the city, where remedial action seems necessary."

Hartmann said all members of the city commission except Mayor Frederick von Nieda have endorsed the employment of a staff physician. "I haven't had a chance to talk to the mayor about it yet," Hartmann said. City Solicitor E. G. C. Bleakly also has approved the move as offering a chance to save money, Hartmann said. 

Camden Courier-Post - February 1, 1938

Baker Urges Board to Name Oculist for Treatment of Camden Pupils

''An alarming increase in the number of Camden school children suffering from long neglected and needed treatment for eye defects and failing vision was reported to the Board of Education at its meeting last night by Dr. Maurice E. Baker, chief school physician.

A recommendation that an oculist be employed to examine eyes of children in which defective vision, failing sight and eye defects have long been neglected was received for consideration of. the new board which takes office today ..

Dr, Baker said this condition among children attending the city schools has reached a serious stage, with the possibility that several children are threatened with possible loss of sight because the necessary medical eye examinations cannot be made and because most of the parents cannot afford to pay for spectacles.

"Other school physicians and my self have found ·that hundreds of our schoolchildren suffer from minor and many from serious eye ailments and diseases," Dr, Baker told members of the board.

"The local hospitals cannot take care of these children because of lack of physicians and. required facilities.

Children have to wait from three to four months for examinations and refractions of their eyes.

Cause of Backwardness

Dr, Baker said, he found his predecessors had failed to follow up pupils examined several years ago. A recheck up of these same children, he said, had disclosed that in many instances pupils who had tine marks in lower grades and become backward and "problem" pupils' because many had only sufficient vision to barely read and to write.

"Many of these unfortunate children have had to suffer many years because their parents could not pay to have their eyes examined by oculists," the, physician added, "Most of them are too poor to pay the price for spectacles they need.

"The school physicians think it far more important to have these children treated for eye defects than to give, them examinations for flat feet, rickets and less dangerous ailments.

"Such a condition is costing the city and taxpayers a lot of money every year as long as these pupils are neglected."

Board Urged to Act

William B. Sullender, retiring board member, supported Dr. Baker and moved that his recommendation that an oculist be engaged be considered by the entire board.

“While you are at it, please remember the city does not have a school dentist," Sullender remarked. "The eyes and teeth of our school Children are more important than anything else." ,

Sullender's remark about a school dentist drew smiles from several board members. A dentist was to have been appointed several months ago, but no action has been taken on such an appointment.

Several members commended Dr. Baker on his report for the month of December, in which the various diseases an ailments and the number of cases are listed separately.

Influenza, chicken pox and mumps led most of the maladies, according to the Physician. There were 32 cases of mumps, 45 with influenza and the same number of pupils with chicken pox. Some of the other diseases and the number afflicted were: eye, 8; measles, 7; pneumonia, 5; diphtheria, 2; scarlet fever, 5. No cases of whooping cough were reported.

Camden Courier-Post - February 5, 1938

Dr. Baker Reports No Cases of Whooping Cough Found in Schools

Not one case of whooping cough was found by Camden public school examining physicians and nurses during December.

However, 1284 pupils were found to have infected tonsils and 195 were reported as having their tonsils removed.

Dr. Maurice E. Baker, chief medica1 inspector, in his report, also disclosed bad tonsils, defective vision and poor teeth make up the major physical conditions in need of correction among city school children.

At the last meeting of the Board of Education, Dr. Baker told the members the large number of pupils with defective vision and eye ailments has created a serious condition. He urged appointment of an oculist to examine the eyes of the children and to prescribe treatments and spectacles.

During December, 573 pupils were found to be suffering from eye defects. Of this number 183 pupils had their eyes treated or were fitted with spectacles.

More pupils were found to be suffering from defective teeth, 1635 being found in need of dental attention. Of this number 397 received needed treatment.

The city schools have been without the services of a dentist for several months, but it is expected a dentist will be appointed.

Further examinations of pupils, Dr. Baker reported, disclosed 168 pupils, with heart conditions. Only 11 were found to have defects in hearing.

School children get headaches, Dr. Baker reported. There were 126 treated for that ailment. 86 were relieved of toothaches and 10 were treated for earaches.

Except for more than average increases in the number of children suffering from chicken pox, mumps and influenza the general health of Camden school children was normal, Dr. Baker said. Only two cases of diphtheria and five of scarlet fever were reported.

Camden Courier-Post *  February 24, 1938
Gene R. Mariano
Dr. Maurice E. Baker
Asa Cross
Anna Cross
Lorraine Cross
Leona Cross
C. Paul Nay
John Wonsetler
Federal Street