Dr. Arthur

DR. ARTHUR L. STONE served as City Health Director from 1923 until his death in 1945. Succeeding Dr. Henry H. Davis, he served under Mayors Victor King, Winfield Scott Price, Roy R. Stewart, Frederick von Nieda, and Gorge Brunner. Dr. Arthur Stone pressed an immunization program which all but eliminated diphtheria from the City of Camden. Before that had been accomplished, one of Camden's leading citizens, Commissioner William D. Sayrs, came down with the disease in late January of 1928, which eventually forced his resignation. 

In January of 1933 Dr. Stone was asked to serve as the City of Camden's director of relief ["relief" being the term then used for what we call "welfare" - PMC]. He resigned from that position after clashing with Wayland P. Cramer, director of the Camden County Emergency Relief Administration in August of 1933.

In 1936 Dr. Stone was living at 2838 Berkley Street. Dr. Stone died in 1945. He was succeeded by Dr. David Helm Jr. as health director for the city. Mrs. Olive D. Stone was still residing at the home on Berkley Street when the 1947 Camden City Directory was compiled. Mrs. Stone was living at 210 East Maple Avenue when the 1959 New Jersey Bell Telephone Directory was published. 

Camden Courier-Post - January 5, 1928

Not 1928’s First Born After All

Up until today it appeared that James Patrick Sullivan (shown above with his mother, Mrs. Cornelius Sullivan) was the first baby to be born in Camden during the New Year. James Patrick arrived at 8:00 o’clock on January.1. Today, however, it became known that Doris Ruth Stackhouse arrived in East Camden at 2:00 o’clock Sunday morning, beating James Patrick to it bay six hours. As they used to say in the old circus chariot races: “The lady wins.”

Fond Parent Seek Honors For City’s First 1928 Baby
Who is Camden’s first 1928 baby?

A contest which nearly every employee of the city health department is earnestly watching has been started in the bureau of vital statistics in city hall.

 Up to the present time the honor had been bestowed on the daughter of Lara and Russell Stackhouse, a young East Camden couple. Their child, which is the first in the family, will be named Doris Ruth Stackhouse. The baby was born at 2:00 o’clock on New Year’s morning at their home, 1015 North Nineteenth Street.

The contest which is being waged started this morning with a letter to Dr. A. L. Stone, health director, from Mrs. Charles Dean, 19 Fogarty Avenue. In the communication she said the health department had been wrong in naming James Patrick Sullivan, 1008 Division Street, the first baby. She said that her son was born at 5:30 AM thereby making the child Camden’s first 1928 baby.

Dr. Stone had scarcely read the letter and was about to announce the change when the report of the Stackhouse baby was handed to him.

“This is beyond me,” said the health director. “I will now pronounce this child as Camden’s official first 1928 baby.”

He explained, however, that his decision was subject to change if he received reports of any children born earlier.


January 11, 1928

Camden Courier-Post - January 13, 1928

Camden Health Head Says It Gives False Sense Of Security

Fumigation as a method of preventing disease was discounted by Dr. Arthur L. Stone, city health director, in talk yesterday before the Y’s men’s Club at the Hotel Walt Whitman.

 “It gives a false sense of security,” he declared. “It kills only the germs upon the surface. As a matter of fact diseases are carried by individuals, and spread by contact of persons.

 “Modern public health does not depend upon safeguard of the environment, but upon safeguard of the individual. It does little good to choose methods for fumigation, when the dis­ease may be spread by some individual who carries the bacteria.”

Dr. Stone took as his subject “Secrets of Health.”  He pointed vaccination as the only certain way to immunize persons against disease. Smallpox and typhoid fever now are controlled by antitoxins, and diphtheria is well on the way to control. He said that a serum for scarlet fever soon may be discovered.

As a result of his vaccination activities here Dr. Stone predicted that the city will soon have “army of immune children.” More than 10,000 children have been vaccinated against diphtheria, and there will be more as soon as parents learn to lose their fear of the treatment, he said.

Prevention of infantile disease has cut the country’s death rate more than any other source, he declared. Much of the decrease can be ascribed to pre-natal educational work among mothers.

He asserted that playgrounds play an important part in brain development as well as muscular development. Brain development parallels development of the muscular tissues and a sound body is necessary for sound thinking, be stated, reverting to an old maxim.

Although 80 percent of children are born healthy by the time they reach their majority, 10 percent of them are defective in some way, according to the health officer. Inability of humans to take care of themselves was given as the reason.

Prior to Dr. Stone’s talk, the club distributed prizes won in a recent bowling tournament. First prize went to Jim Burroughs; second prize, to Winfield S. Wilson; third, Horace Sherman, and fourth, Robert McCay.

It was announced that the club’s bowling team will compete with the Woodbury Kiwanis Club team in that city tonight. On January 3rd the Y’s Men’s team will bowl the Woodbury Y’s Men’s Club team.

Camden Courier-Post - June 1, 1933

Cramer Asks Stone To Quit Relief Job; Dodges Questioning
Slams Door on Reporter; City Director Sees State Chief
After Request to Resign Post He 'Never-Formally Accepted'

Wayland P. Cramer, director of the Camden County Emergency Relief Administration, last night continued to be secretive regarding his request for the resignation of Dr. Arthur L. Stone, director of relief in the city.  

Dr. Stone yesterday admitted he was asked to quit the post to which "drafted" by Cramer four months ago. He said he is uncertain whether to comply and promised to issue a statement later.

Cramer adopted an evasive course when a reporter repeatedly sought to learn the reason for this latest turn of events in the relief bureau. He attempted to play "hide-and-seek" throughout the day.

Numerous telephone calls drew almost the same response, that "Mr. Cramer is not in his office."

During part of the day he was seen at his desk.

When a reporter sought an interview Cramer was surprised and insisted "I have nothing at all to say" and slammed the door of his private office. At that time Dr. Stone was in Cramer's office.

'Run Around' Continues

Rumor that Dr. Stone was asked to resign spread yesterday morning. Throughout the day and last night a "run-around" ensued. The only definite comment came from Dr. Stone.

"Yes," Dr. Stone said, "it's true I have been asked to resign but I am undecided what I shall do. Other than that, I have nothing to say right now, but I shall have a statement to make later."

Called on the telephone at noon at the Camden Club, where he was at lunch, he declined to make a statement.

Never Accepted?

Doubt was expressed in some quarters that Dr. Stone could be requested to resign from a position which he had never formally accepted.

On January 14, last, it was announced by Cramer that he had "drafted" Dr. Stone into the job of relief director, but there never was a formal acceptance by Dr. Stone.

Cramer then said, "There isn't a better man in the city for, that position, and the best is none too good."

Dr. Stone then stated: "The news that I have been appointed city relief director is a surprise to me. I have been consulted about it, but I am not exactly clear as to how I can handle it with my present work. I'd rather not say much about it until I can look into the situation further."

The report, circulated in city hall to the effect that Cramer has been dissatisfied with the manner in which emergency relief affairs have been administered in the city. There is a question whether Cramer has the right to demand the resignation of Dr. Stone or whether the authority does not rest solely with John Colt, state relief director, who succeeded Chester Barnard.

Stone See's Colt

Last night Dr. Stone said he had conferred with the state director.

"I have talked over the matter with the state director."

"I have talked over the matter with Mr. Colt. I have not decided what to do, but will make a statement after I study the situation further." 

Several attempts to contact Cramer by telephone at his home failed. Between 6 and 7 p. m. a reporter was informed "Mr. Cramer has not arrived home yet."

At 7.30 o'clock it was made known that the director "will be out for the evening." 

Camden Courier-Post - June 2, 1933

City Director Refuses to Discuss Battle With Cramer
County Chief Continues Secrecy, Refers Queries to State Head'

Dr. Arthur L. Stone last night resigned as Camden city director of the Emergency Relief Administration.

His decision to quit came as a climax of a clash with Wayland P. Cramer, Camden county relief director which has stirred the city for the past two days.

Cramer, who "drafted" Dr. Stone for the municipal post last January 14, continued to mantle in mystery the reason behind his request' for 'the resignation. He referred inquiries to John Colt, of Princeton, who is state director of the relief administration.

While speculation over the reason for the rift between Dr. Stone and Director Cramer was spreading throughout the city the county administration was denounced at a meeting held in Convention Hall annex.

All Facts Demanded

Frank J. Manning, president of the Unemployed Union of New Jersey, made a public demand "for all the facts” behind Cramer's request for the city health bureau chief's resignation.

Dr. Stone announced his resignation after Director Cramer had added to his long series of refusals to inquiring newspapermen. Asked for a statement Dr. Stone said: "I have no statement. I have sent my resignation to Mr. Colt, through Mr. Cramer. That's all there is to it."

In response to an inquiry regarding the reason for Cramer's action in asking him to quit, Dr. Stone said: "I feel it is better for the service not to say anything about the mat­ter at the present time,"

Prior to the conversation with the city physician Director Cramer was asked by a reporter if he had learned whether Dr. Stone had resigned .

"I'm awfully sorry but I can't say anything about the matter. Director Colt has instructed me to say nothing. I'm going to follow his instructions.

"I'm not trying to be nasty about this situation. When the director gives me an order I have to obey it. Any information you desire must be obtained from Director Colt."

Press Ban Adopted

A. Lincoln Wood, Jr., secretary to Cramer, answered telephone calls for the county director yesterday. He denied that Cramer was in his office and announced the administration's new policy, that from now on the press would be excluded from personal or telephone interviews with the county relief director.

"I've had my orders," said Wood, "and they are that Mr. Cramer will grant no interviews to newspapermen If you aren't satisfied with that arrangement, you had better call Mr. Colt, the state relief director.

"How will the public receive news of the activities in the relief administration?" Wood was asked.

"Written statements will be sent all newspapers," said Wood.

"Will newspapermen be permitted to ask questions after the statements are received?" Wood was asked.

"No," was the answer.

A week ago Wood and Cramer criticized the Courier-Post Newspapers for the stand they had taken in printing the statement of a forestry recruit who had left Camp Dix, in protest against living conditions there. Cramer intimated that the recruit's statement should not have been published before the relief authorities were consulted.

Called by telephone at Princeton, Colt, the state relief director, declared that he had Cramer's request for Dr. Stone's resignation under consideration, but denied rumors he already had ordered an investigation.

"In due time," said Colt, "I shall have a statement to make. Until then, I have the matter under consideration and have nothing to say."

Later, a typewritten statement by Cramer was handed newspapermen by Captain Albert S. Howard, deputy county relief director. When asked to elaborate, Capt. Howard would not comment.

The statement follows:

"The Camden county director of the Emergency Relief Administration, of the State of New Jersey, Wayland P. Cramer, states that the situation connected with the recent publicity concerning the city of Camden's municipal directorship has been referred to John Colt, state director of the Emergency Relief Administration, and all information in this matter will be released through the state director."

Ask for Shakeup

In attacking the relief bureau before the unemployed union meeting Manning demanded a "shakeup" of the whole crowd from top to bottom." He suggested a protest parade be held July 4.

"It is about time we had someone in the relief organization besides army officers and others who know nothing about the administration of relief," he declared. "What we need is people who are versed in social service work.

"It is about time the unemployed slackers wake up to the manner in which relief is being administered. Let's band ourselves together in a mammoth parade on July 4 and demand a shake-up of the whole crowd from top to bottom.

"I read this week," he continued, "about Cramer's request that Dr. Stone resign. It is the right of the  unemployed and the general public to know all that is behind this request. If Dr. Stone is incompetent or if there is something more serious behind it, let’s have all the information to which we- the public- are entitled. In making this demand, I am not defending Dr. Stone or any other official."

Termed as 'Politics'

Circumstances surrounding the request for resignation of Dr. Stone were characterized as "politics" by Clarence E. Moulette, executive secretary of the Unemployed Union.

"It looks to me," Moulette said, "as though the politicians are trying to ease one of their henchmen into Dr. Stone's job as relief director. They thought it policy to oust him because he is giving too many babies too much relief. Dr. Stone probably has been the best man in that job, but he hasn't done as much as we expected he would do. It appears to me as though he would like to have accomplished more for the unemployed but couldn't.

"Let's find out why they want to dismiss Dr. Stone. As long as Cramer is head of the relief organization in Camden county, there isn't much hope for the unemployed."

A motion was then presented and adopted that the Unemployed Union demanding that the reason for the Dr. Stone resignation request be made public.

Charges that Ralph Baccellieri, a Berlin relief official, was using his relief office to depress wages in his mill were submitted at the meeting from unemployed representatives of the town.

"Our Berlin representatives," said Manning, "charge that Baccellieri is paying the workers in his factory such low wages that they have to apply to the emergency relief for food. What a fine situation that is. Here is a man, the joint owner of a sweatshop, who is trading on his relief office so that he can employ people at starvation wages.

"A copy of a letter," continued Manning, "was sent Cramer and John Colt, state relief director, pointing to the situation in Berlin. And what do you think I received today from Mr. Cramer? Well, he thanked me for the information. Like hell he thanked me.

"Another thing that Mr. Cramer thanked me for in his letter was the information about how the Lawnside relief director played politics at the polls at the recent primary. There he was at the polls despite the statement of Mr. Cramer prior to the primaries that any relief official involved in politics would be dismissed from the administration."

Manning stated that the Unemployed union produced affidavits to prove his assertion concerning the Lawnside relief situation.   

Camden Courier-Post - June 3, 1933

Stone Ousted for Humanness; 'Gave Too Much Milk, to Poor Children,' Jobless Union Hears
Cramer Refuses Detailed Statement, But Intimates Ex-Director of Relief
'Let His Heart Run Away With His Head'

Editorial: '-But the Greatest of These Is Charity'" appears on page 10.

Dr. Arthur L. Stone resigned as director of emergency relief in this city because of opposition to his humanness.

This was the inference drawn from both the city health bureau chief and Wayland P. Cramer, director of the Camden County Emergency Relief Administration, who requested Dr. Stone to quit.

According to Cramer a municipal relief director "must not let his heart rule his head."

Dr. Stone, who is credited directly with having brought about extensive reduction in the infantile mortality rate of this; city, said:

"It is true that I took the human side, in the administration of city relief. So far as I know no charges have been made."

May Name Logan

Appointment of a successor to Dr. Stone was a topic of gossip about the city and county buildings yesterday. It was rumored that William W. Logan at presently serving as manager in the county relief office, will be named as city director. Another report linked the name of William J. Strandwitz, who formerly was county director. A successor will be named by John Colt, of Princeton, who is state emergency relief administrator.

Dr. Stone's comment regarding "the human side of city relief administration," followed an expression by Clarence Moullette, executive secretary of the Unemployed Union of New Jersey, to the effect that the city physician's ouster probably was motivated "because Dr. Stone was giving too much milk to babies,"

Further attempt to draw from Director Cramer his reason for requesting Dr. Stone to resign disclosed no specific charge, After first declining to comment Cramer did express his opinion as to the qualifications necessary for the city relief directorship.

"Primarily,'" said Cramer, "he must have executive and administrative ability. He must have a good heart, but mustn't let his heart rule his head,"    

Pressed further far a statement concerning what Dr. Stone lacked "in the administration of relief, Cramer said:

Thought Stone Best Man

"It is not only my aim," he said, "to be considerate of all people receiving relief, but to be considerate of those within my organization. That is the reason I am not talking about details incident to Dr. Stone's resignation. I drafted him into the Relief office, because I thought he was the best man for the job. Affairs were in fine shape in the city administrative office when he took it over.

"'However, this is a matter for John Colt to discuss. He is my superior”.

Cramer admitted that he has someone in the offing whose appointment to the city relief directorship he will recommend to Colt.

It would be unfair for me," said Cramer, "to mention the name of the man I have in mind, before Mr. Colt had asked for my recommendation".

Dr. Stone said that he was "just as well satisfied" to be relieved of the city relief directorship which carries no salary.

"There was no salary to the job," said Dr. Stone, "and it meant many long hours of work in addition to the duties of the health department. I enjoyed building up the relief organization most for the human side of it. I sent in my resignation to become effective immediately. I tried to do a human job.

"When I went to Cramer's office this week," continued Dr. Stone, "he did not specifically tell me what the matter was. He told me only that he was not satisfied with the way things were going in my department."

Director Colt called today on the telephone at Princeton, said that he had not received Dr. Stone’s letter of resignation. If he accepts the resignation, Colt stated that he will immediately appoint a successor to Dr. Stone on the recommendation of Cramer

Camden Courier-Post - June 3,1933 


"He let his heart rule 'his head!"

That is the astonishing reason given by County Relief Director Wayland Cramer for demanding the resignation of Dr. Arthur L. Stone as city relief director.

If this is the only reason Cramer has to offer-


Furthermore, State Relief Administrator John Colt should make a prompt and thorough investigation into the entire conduct of the Camden County Relief office.

* * * * * *

"He let his heart rule his head!"

Fancy that as a "reason" for asking a man to resign from work which consists of the relief of human needs and suffering!

To this newspaper, the fact. that Doctor Stone -DID let his heart rule his head is THE VERY BEST QUALIFICATION HE POSSESSES FOR THAT JOB.

It was because the Courier-Post knew he was that kind of a man that Doctor Stone was asked, years ago, to be one of the three directors of the Courier-Post Relief.

Better that two undeserving be given more than their share than that one deserving family be deprived of the bare essentials of life.

Simply because we are afraid to let our hearts rule our heads!

The worst crime of relief administration throughout the land during, the depression has been the constant fear of conservative die-hards that "the heart" might sway doling out of the only too scanty pittances which are given our needy and destitute.

This nation needed MORE HEART in offi­ial life.

That's why Hoover was defeated and Roosevelt elected!

* * * * * *

Entirely aside from the issue of mercy and charity, a thorough inquiry in due in fairness to Doctor Stone himself:

This man has been the city's health director for about 12 years. He enjoys the esteem of our people and the respect of associates in his profession.

If Director Cramer has no other charges to bring, he should say so at once. He should . clear up any doubt as to whether something is being held back, since this whole affair has been shrouded in unwarranted mystery.

Nor should Cramer deceive himself that he or anyone else possesses the right to make, a secret out of the public business Of unemployed relief administration.          

The public is entitled to know what is going on at all times- what methods are used- the salaries paid relief agents- and the kind of relief given.

That is public business and this newspaper will fight to keep the public informed concerning it.

* * * * * *

In any event, the situation calls for an immediate probe by State relief officials. Director Colt is said to be planning a trip here. He cannot arrive too soon.

Doctor Stone, to be sure, may be glad to be relieved of the heavy burdens of his post as city relief director.

Especially, since HE RECEIVES NO SALARY FOR THE WORK!     

In fact, Dr. Stone is the only official we. know of connected with the Relief Administration who is not on the payroll.

The mystery of his dismissal invites the question whether it took place to make way for a new political PAID JOB?

Is more politics to be played with human misery?

To dismiss a relief administrator because he "had a heart" is an insult not only to the unemployed, who need aid largely through no fault of their own, but also to the taxpayers who are contributing that aid.

Have we forgotten that "the greatest of these is charity?" 

Camden Courier-Post - June 4, 1933

Head of Pyne Poynt Garden Group Says Relief Job Needs "More Heart"

Demand that Dr. Arthur L. Stone be retained as Camden city director of emergency relief was made by Walter S. Agin, president of the Pyne Poynt Garden Club, at a meeting of the Cox Garden Club at Twenty-first Street and Harrison Avenue.

"The city gardeners ask John Colt, state director of relief, to refuse to accept the resignation of Dr. Stone," Agin said. "They feel that a great heart like that of Abraham Lincoln in 1861 is the thing most needed today. The city of Camden and the unemployed as well as the relief administration have use for a man with a heart and a head. After all, it is not what we do for ourselves that make us great, but what we do for the other fellow. We believe there is something more than the excuse that 'he let his heart rule his head' for the demand of County Director Wayland P. Cramer for Dr. Stone's resignation and for that reason we ask that Dr. Stone be retained on the job."

More than 20,000 tomato, pepper and cabbage plants were given to the city gardeners by Daniel Deacon, Twenty-seventh street and Pierce Avenue and more tomato plants will arrive today from the Campbell Soup Company firms at Mt. Holly for distribution to the various gardens throughout the city. The Kaighn Avenue Plumbing Supply Company donated 300 feet of water pipe to the Pyne Poynt Club, while 2 tons of fertilizer were given the gardeners by the Walters Company, of Philadelphia.

John Emery, president, of the Cox Club, announced his organization has 137 gardens underway on the old Cox farm on Harrison Avenue

Camden Courier-Post - June 5, 1933

11 Families Cook in Yards; 35 Children Suffer Until Paper Guarantees Gas Bills
Returned to civilized living, this group of 23 children is happy once again. They are members of 11 families under Emergency Relief at 106, 108 and 110 State Street who were forced to cook their meals on rude makeshift stoves in the back yards after gas and electricity had been turned off for non-payment of bills.

Mothers Forced to Use Make-Shift Means When Public Service Cuts Fuel Supply Pending Assur­ance of Payment by Emergency Relief Officials

Uncivilized hardship forced on eleven poor North Camden families has been alleviated.

From early Friday morning until 3.20 p. m. Saturday these families, supposedly under the protecting care of the emergency relief, were forced to revert to pioneer methods to cook the food and heat milk. There are 35 children in the families.

Gas and electricity which had been turned off by Public Service for non-payment of bills by owners of the properties in which the families are living finally was turned on again after the Courier-Post newspapers guar­anteed to Public Service the payment of future bills.

When the Courier-Post learned that these families at 106-108-110 State Street had been forced to cook their meals and heat their milk over makeshift stoves in the yard, an effort was made at once to reach Emergency Relief officials Saturday afternoon. When that failed, these newspapers notified Public Service they would stand responsible for the bills incurred until the emergency relief would have an opportunity to act today.

A few minutes later, however, a Public Service employee stated that a representative of the emergency relief organization also had called and agreed to guarantee payment of the bills.

Diligent efforts to verify this statement were unsuccessful last night. Wayland P. Cramer, Camden county relief director, said he had heard nothing of the case and that it would be one to be handled by Dr. Arthur L. Stone, Camden city relief director who is serving until his resignation is accepted by the state relief organization.

Dr. Stone said that while he had guaranteed payment of gas and electric bills in a similar case about a month ago, he had no knowledge of Saturday's case.             -

"I assume the, situation was handled by Charles Edgar, of the rental division of the emergency relief," Dr. Stone said. Edgar could not be reached last night.

Dr. Stone said it was the usual policy of the Emergency Relief to arrange with Public Service to guarantee payment of gas and electricity of companies when rent properties to the relief administration. If the bills are not paid by the renting companies, the money is taken from the amounts due these, companies from the relief administration. Dr. Stone said he had no knowledge that such was the policy followed in this case.

A pathetic picture was presented in the back yards of 106, 108 and 110 State Street Saturday until the gas, and electric service was resumed. 

Huddled about little open stoves, with the sun beating down on them, the housewives worked as best they could to cook food and heat the milk for their children.

In these families are 35 children between the ages of one and ten years. All 11 families have been on relief for some time. Three other families in the apartments not on relief, also suffered from the lack of gas and electricity until payment of the bills was guaranteed.

Meanwhile John Colt, state director of emergency relief, has received but has not accepted Dr. Stone's resignation. Colt admitted the possibility it might be necessary for him to visit Camden in his investigation surrounding Dr. Stone's resignation.

"I have received Dr. Stone's letter of resignation' said Colt, 'but have not accepted it. You can say for me that I have this whole matter under advisement. I shall visit Camden if necessary.

"I do not want to give this matter any more publicity than is necessary. After all, my job is to conduct relief affairs to the satisfaction of localities throughout the state, and disturbances of this nature take my time from relief work. I shall try to compose this matter to the best interests of all concerned." 

Camden Courier-Post - June 6, 1933

Suit to End Relief Secrecy Planned by Civic Congress; Irregularities Are Charged
North Camden Association Told Affidavits Are Being Taken;
Cramer and Howard Accused Of Evasion; Protest Rally Called

Court action to force the Camden County Emergency Relief Administration to reveal its books for public inspection is planned by the Congress of Civic Associations of South Jersey.

This was announced last night at a meeting of the North Camden Civic Association in the headquarters of the Pyne Poynt Social Club, 939 North Fifth street. Frank J. Hartmann, Jr., secretary of both organizations, disclosed the proposed step.

Affidavits charging irregularities in the relief administration are being gathered, Hartmann asserted.

Wayland P. Cramer, director of the county relief board and Captain Albert S. Howard, deputy director, were charged with evading public inquiries.

'Fathers Fired-Girls Hired'

"They've given us a grand run-a­round," Hartmann said in relating his efforts in behalf of a destitute family.

The Congress of Civic Associations, headed by Fred von Nieda, is determined to force inspection of the relief records by applying for a court writ, Hartmann said,

Vince Marinelli, member of the North Camden association and active in the Civic Congress, declared a number of married men were discharged from positions in the relief administration and single women engaged for their posts.

Protest Rally June 11

The association agreed to join with the Unemployed Union of New Jersey in staging a public mass meeting to protest against the relief board.

The meeting is scheduled for June 11, at the Convention Hall.

Clarence E. Moullette, executive secretary of the unemployed group, addressed last night's session, which two score persons attended.

'Only 8 In 25,600 Rejected'

Hartmann declared that of Camden's' 117,000 persons, 25,600 are receiving emergency relief. The figure in the county is comparable, he said.

Quoting Dr. Arthur L. Stone, who recently resigned as city director of emergency relief, Hartmann asserted 6828 of the 11,400 city's colored are in the relief line.

"In all these cases the great Emergency Relief Administration has found only eight this year that were not worthy of receiving aid," Hartmann said he was informed.

"The taxpayers are paying the bills and they have every right to know how the money is being spent.

"If Director Cramer and Captain Howard can be out of their office all day without anyone knowing where they are I think there is ground for investigation," he insisted.

Cites Backyard Fires

Hartmann reviewed the plight of 11 families on State Street who were forced to cook meals over a backyard fire last Saturday after gas and electric service had been suspended for non-payment of bills. Thirty-five children were affected.

Hartmann estimated that Public Service could produce electricity to supply the apartment house for one month at a cost of $2. The charge is $22, he said.

Hartmann described advantages of a municipal electric plant, for which more than 11,000 persons have signed petitions circulated by the association and civic congress. He compared this city's tax rate and assessments with those of Jacksonville, Fla., and said the southern city earn­ed $2,000,000 profit from its municipal light and power plant in 1932.

A campaign to further sentiment in favor of the municipal plant idea is being advanced daily, Hartmann reported. A staff of speakers is being enrolled.

Dr. Stone's Work Reviewed

Moullette, in appealing for support of the civic association for the mass meeting next week, said that the resignation of Dr. Stone was a political move, designed to create a position with pay for some Republican organization favorite.

"Dr. Stone spent $25,000 for emergency relief in Camden.

"As a result of the efforts of Dr. Stone in his office as municipal relief director there are children in more than 500 families who obtained milk that was not given them be­fore he took the position," Moullette said. "The purpose of the mass meeting is to bring forcibly to the attention of the authorities here and in the state that there is need for an investigation of the Camden County Emergency Relief Administration."

New Fire Alarms Protested

Joseph Munger, of East Camden, asked the association to protest against proposed expenditure of more than $50,000 for a new tire alarm system in Camden.

He charged that the project is needless, and said that transfer of the present system from the old city hall to the new courthouse annex could be made for $2500.

"The present system is sufficient for this city," Munger said. "The cost of removing it to the new building would be less than what the city might pay in interest for one year on $50,000."

Hartmann said that a new system in the fire department would require employment of additional employees and thereby add more expense to the taxpayers.

Mrs. Stephen Pfeil, William Coughlin and Miss Elsie Stein were named by Harry Walton, president, to a committee with instructions to ask Mayor Roy R. Stewart to move against alleged vandalism. They charged that young boys are destroying vacant properties throughout the city. 

Camden Courier-Post - June 6, 1933

Where Is the 'Charity' in Relief Methods -Who Founded Church of England-Reforestation and Economic Recovery

But the Greatest of These is Charity

To the Editor:

Sir-Beautiful words, well spoken.

Especially when Charity means, in a general sense, love, benevolence, goodwill, that disposition of heart which inclines men to think favorably of their fellow men, and do them good.

We read where Dr. Stone was asked to resign because his heart ruled his head. In your editorial, Mr. Editor, something seems wrong somewhere. There seems that Mr. Cramer is unaware of the meaning of charity. Dr. Stone may or may not be the man for the job. When one has a comfortable job at the taxpayers' expense one can easily dispense charity, especially if he uses somebody else's money. Dr. Stone has a comfortable job, and, perhaps, he was better suited for the job because he was sure of where the next meal was coming from but Mr. Cramer evidently was of another opinion. To him Charity is a business. Since the taxpayer and the philanthropist both practice charity, the former directly or indirectly through taxation, the latter of his own free will and accord. The latter knows where his money is going or he does not give it; the former has a right to know if he so desires, Because whether it be salaries or relief, he is the one paying the bill.

The present way the relief is being run is, perhaps, the most autocratic thing ever done in the city of Camden. The ones in charge think they are above question or reproach. But one thing is certain, and that is the citizens do not think that way about it. If these in the seats of the mighty refuse to give interviews without long waits, then the citizens should inquire from someone who will give them satisfaction. We want to know who is working for the relief, where they live, how long they have lived there, their salaries, where they came from and their qualifications. Also who is getting relief and where they live. There is little to fear for those who need relief, who are, either getting it or not getting it, it is the people who do not need it that causes those who do need it not to get it.

Imagine, if you can, 6828 people of one race out of a total of 11,400 getting relief; imagine, if you can, 25,600 people getting relief in the city of Camden alone and, perhaps more than that number in the county and only eight of these were found to get relief who did not deserve it. And then they say it is none of your business, go to the Courier and get it.  

When information is desired. Mr. Editor, we have to believe somebody. Do you have the information and are you holding out on us? Or is it a case of passing the buck? There is hardly a person in this city who knows somebody that needs relief and there are few people who don't know somebody who is betting relief and does not need it. Increasing pay of investigators, employing college girls and laying off married men, cutting allowance of those who need relief, makes undeveloped minds run around in circles. When no satisfaction is given to those who pay the bills and are told that it is none of their business, then one must feel as if there is no justice, and the very fact that of all virtues the greatest of them is charity, then the words charity and relief, such as shown and practiced in the city of Camden, should never be used in the same sentence.

President of Congress of Civic Associations

Camden Courier-Post - June 7, 1933


Ten dollars a year is a lot too little for support of a wife and twin sons, Police Judge Pancoast decided when he ordered John Hunkapillar, 24, to pay $5 a week, and sent him to jail when he could not provide a $300 bond to insure the payments. 

Hunkapillar was arrested on complaint of his wife, Phyllis, 20, who told Judge Pancoast they were married two years ago in Elkton and since that time he has given her only $10. She said they took turns living with his parents and with her parents. She charged Hunkapillar deserted her and their four month old twin sons. Hunkapillar was arrested in Atlantic City Sunday and returned to Camden. 

Mrs. Hunkapillar appeared at Camden city detective bureau May 27, said she was destitute, and asked aid for herself and her twins. 

Arrangements were made to assist her by the Camden emergency relief administration, under Dr. A. L. Stone, city relief director.

Camden Courier-Post - June 6, 1933

 Surprise Action Revealed by State Director Following Conference
County Office Issues Prepared Statement on 'Campfire' Case

Dr. Arthur L. Stone, who "let his heart rule his head," will remain director of the Emergency Relief Administration in Camden city.

This surprise announcement was made last night by John Colt, of Princeton, director of the State Emergency Relief Administration.

Wayland P. Cramer, Haddonfield, Camden county relief administrator, withdrew a request for Stone's resignation at a conference with Colt yesterday at Princeton.

Dr. Stone who attended the meeting, thereupon asked Colt to return his written resignation forwarded by Cramer a few days ago,

'Magnanimous Attitude'

Colt issued this statement:

"Mr. Colt, State Director of the Emergency Relief Administration today had a conference in Princeton with Wayland P. Cramer, the county director of Camden county, and Dr. A. L. Stone, the city director of emergency relief in the City of Camden.

"As a result of this conference, Mr. Cramer withdrew his request for Dr. Stone's resignation, and asked Dr. Stone to continue at the head of the Emergency Relief Administration in the City of Camden.

"Dr. Stone agreed to this request and asked Mr. Colt to return the resignation which was forwarded Cramer a few days ago.

"This magnanimous and public spirited attitude and action on the part of these two gentlemen assure the carrying forward of the work of emergency relief in the City of Camden along lines best adapted to adequately take care of the needy during the present emergency."

Colt Favors Publicity

The action followed disclosure by Colt yesterday that Cramer was not following the dictates of the state director in refusing to discuss relief bureau matters with newspapermen.

Since the rift with Dr. Stone opened last Wednesday Cramer has steadfastly evaded newspapermen and on one occasion slammed his office door in the face of one of them. Cramer said this policy was in line with instructions given him by Colt.

It was further revealed yesterday that Dr. Stone and Cramer "never had a fair understanding."

In contradicting Cramer regarding the news restriction, Colt said:

"The public," said Colt, "has got to know about general affairs pertaining to relief in their locality. I'll straighten this matter out immediately with Camden."

Howard 'Busy'- Cramer Out'

Neither Cramer nor Captain Albert S. Howard, his deputy, would answer the telephone at the relief headquarters yesterday. Word was relayed from Captain Howard that he was too busy while Cramer was reported "not in."

Later, however, A. Lincoln Wood, Jr., secretary to Cramer notified the Courier-Post that a "news release" was ready. After signing his initials, a reporter was handed the statement. The statement follows:

"Following recent publicity with regard to 11 families residing at 106­108-110 State Street, Camden, Wayland P. Cramer, Camden county director of the Emergency Relief Administration, arranged with A. L. Stone M.D., municipal director for the city of Camden, for a full investigation as to the reason these relief recipients were without gas for cooking on Friday and Saturday of last week.

Applicants Delinquent'

"The arrangement made with the owner and agent for these properties by the Emergency Relief Administration was that the owner would furnish light, heat and fuel for cooking. Some of the relief recipients were extremely delinquent in making application for renewal of the rental payments by the Emergency Relief Administration to the owner, and the owner claims that due to this situation he was unable to make proper payment to the utility company. A change in method of handling renewal applications for rental payments has been made by the Camden City division of the Emergency Relief Administration, whereby it will not hereafter be necessary for the relief recipient to call at the Emergency Relief office, and it is believed that this will obviate any reoccurrence of this situation.

"The Emergency Relief Administration learned on Friday, June 2, of the fact that the gas had been shut off, and immediately contacted the owner by telephone with the request that he arrange for continuance of service.

No 'Understanding'

Dr. Stone stated he had received no orders from Colt's office to "declare a moratorium on relief news,"

"I shall refuse no one the right to question me about the affairs of my department."

Besides "letting his heart rule his head" in the administration of city relief, Dr. Stone strongly intimated in his conversation that there had never been a "fair understanding" between him and Cramer.

"I guess," said Dr. Stone, "that I took too many liberties in the administration of city relief. However, I have found out that the county administration is over the city relief office. Apparently I was under the wrong impression when I thought I could get along with a fair understanding."

Why Girls Were Kept

Dr. Stone yesterday admitted that married men had been discharged and single girls had been retained as city relief visitors as charged Monday at a meeting of the North Camden Civic Association in the Pyne Poynt Social Club, 939 North Fifth Street.

"The reason for that" said Dr. Stone, "was because we reduced the city visitors staff from 41 to 34 as an economy move and the girls proved more capable than the men.”

"We were faced with the problem of training two persons to take the places of two relief supervisors loaned us by Newark. The men did not show capabilities for supervisory positions that the girls did. That phase of the service requires a special skill.”

"When it comes to facilitating to the best advantages the administration of relief to thousands of persons, I believe the best candidates for the jobs should be chosen. The ones who made the grade happened to be single.

"In selecting recruits for the visitor service we set standards of excellent, very good, fair and poor. None of those who were let go were poor from the standpoint of service, but unfortunately the retrenchment program called for a reduction of seven in the staff.".

Camden Courier-Post - June 8, 1933

Dr. Stone Insists on Clear Division of Authority In City, County Relief

With peace restored in the Camden County Emergency Relief Administration yesterday, Director Wayland P. Cramer announced he would grant interviews to newspapermen.

This turnabout marks the end of a week's campaign of evasion, during which Cramer frequently refused to discuss affairs of his bureau with reporters.

Dr. Arthur L. Stone, director of the city Emergency Relief Adminis­tration, resumed his duties following withdrawal of his resignation written at the request of Cramer, who submitted it to John Colt, director of the state emergency relief administration.

'Perfect Understanding'

“War was on," Cramer told a Courier reporter, "but peace has been restored and I shall grant personal interviews to newspapermen from now on.

"I believe Dr. Stone now fully understands the situation on relief which he had previously stated he didn't understand. There is now a perfect understanding on city and county relief among Dr. Stone, Mr. Colt and me."

Cramer was asked whether the conference with Colt would result in any change of policies within the city or county relief departments.

"Mr. Colt," said Cramer, "has his eye on Camden and is taking a personal interest in the city relief administration. Of course, we shall acquiesce to any of Mr. Colt's requests concerning administration. No relief applicants in Camden will suffer by reason of the controversy between Dr. Stone and me."

Stone Demands Clear Status

Dr. Stone plainly stated that he would continue as municipal director only in the event he and Colt come to an agreement on the divisions of authority between his department and Cramer's.

"The trouble," said Dr. Stone, "was due to a clash of personalities over how city relief was to be administered. Mr. Colt has agreed to send a representative to Camden to supervise the setting up of a city relief organization that will relieve me of some of the supervisory problems. I am interested solely in the human side of relief.”

"I want to make sure that the City of Camden, in the administration of this relief office, gets due credit from the state for the $70,000 the city donates annually to two hospitals, and other contributions."

Camden Courier-Post - June 12, 1933

25 Camden Boys to 8e Guests Of Health Farm at Millington
Dr. Stone Says Arrangements Have Been Completed
to Send Delegation From July 1 to 15

Camden city's health camp will not open this summer, but 25 boys will have an outing for two weeks as guests at the Bonnie Brae Farm for Boys at Millington, above Somerville. 

Dr. A. L. Stone, city health director, said arrangements have been completed to send the boys to the farm from July 1 to 15. Their ages are from nine to fifteen. 

"It is indeed fortunate that the boys may be sent to the farm, in view of the non-opening this year of the summer health camp for children in the Alberta Woods, East Camden," Dr. Stone said. "We cannot reopen the city camp because we have no funds." 

Dr. Stone said that with the exception of two, all the boys have been chosen for the vacation. The list of names and addresses will be announced next week. 
Bonnie Brae is maintained by private contributions. The Camden city boys are being there through the efforts of Mrs. Edythe J. Michell, a social case worker for the farm and former supervisor for the Camden city emergency relief administration. Mrs. Michell interested former Judge Harry V. Osborne, president of the farm, in the Camden children, and he readily agreed to receiving them as guests for two weeks. 

The boys were chosen by visitors for the city relief organization. They were examined by physicians of the Camden County Tuberculosis Association and will be immunized against dipitheria by Dr. Stone before they leave. 

Arthur Taylor, in charge of work relief in the city emergency relief administration has been offered complete vacation outfits for the boys, including clothing and toilet articles, and transportation for them by the Public Service Post of the American Legion. 

Dr. and Mrs. Stone are attending a luncheon this afternoon at Bonnie Brae, when the city relief director will attend to all other details pertaining to the approaching vacation of the Camden boys.

Camden Courier-Post- June 14, 1933

Cramer Upheld in Keeping From Public Relief Payroll and Job Holders 
Denial Made That Politics Has Part in Naming of Emergency List 

Wayland P. Cramer, Camden county relief director yesterday was victorious in his policy of secrecy in affairs of his relief administration when he won authority from John Colt, state relief director, to suppress from newspapers a complete salary list of relief employees. 

Last Wednesday, at the request of the Courier-Post newspapers, Cramer instructed his secretary, Lincoln Wood, Jr., to write Colt and ask for his opinion in the matter. That was after Cramer had demurred when asked for the salary lists, which were demanded by several Camden organizations including the Unemployed Union. 

Word of Colt's refusal was brought to Camden yesterday by Col. Joseph D. Sears, deputy state director, who explained that his chief had adopted the policy of withholding the names because it might cause "embarrassment and a hardship to little fellows" on the relief payroll to have their salaries published. 

To Ask Cramer Removal 

Colt's refusal to submit the complete salary lists for public inspection followed the announcement of a mass meeting tonight in Convention Hall, when demands will be made for the immediate removal of Cramer and all other officials of the county relief administration. 
The meeting will be conducted jointly by the Unemployed Union of New Jersey and the New Jersey Congress of Civic Associations. 

Colonel Sears visited Camden for a conference with Cramer, Dr. Stone, Miss Sara Curtis and other city and county relief officials. 

It was explained to Colonel Sears that rumors were current in this city that former city employees had been given jobs with the relief adminis tration in preference to applicants with equal qualifications. 

"Of course," said Colonel Sears, "I am not familiar with the Camden situation, but I can say that I don't know the politics of two percent of persons at the state relief headquarters. Mr. Colt feels it would result in an undue hardship to little fellows in the employ of the administration to have their salaries published.

"However, if there is any evidence of unfairness or discrimination in employment it will be possible to obtain the salaries of three or four persons at a time." 

Little Knowledge of Politics 

Dr. Stone, at the conclusion of Col. Sears' discourse, stated that he knew the political faith of less than one percent the municipal relief offices employees. Wood, speaking for Cramer, echoed the statement of Col. Sears when he said that the politics of less than two percent of the Camden county administration was known.

Col. Sears explained that it was the policy of the state administration to employ men and women first, for their capabilities in relief work, and, second, from the standpoint of their need for financial assistance.

"If we can't make up our personnel from the first class," he said, "we turn to the second." 
Colt has been invited to address the meeting, and Cramer along with other county relief officials, has been invited to attend. They will be asked to answer charges of the unemployed union that the administration of relief In Camden county is "inadequate and prejudiced for political expediency."

Other speakers at the meeting will be Frank J. Manning, president of the Unemployed Union of New Jersey; Paul Porter, lecturer for the League for Industrial Democracy, and John Edelman, vice chairman of the Industrial Standards Committee of New Jersey. The meeting opens at 8 p. m . 

A demand will also be made by the unemployed union of Colt at the meeting for representation from its membership within the county relief administration. Clarence E. Moullette is executive secretary of the union, and William R. Kennedy is vice president.

Prepares Questions 

"If the county relief officials attend the meeting," said Manning "they will be asked to answer some questions pertinent to the administration of relief which is inadequate and prejudiced for political expediency. Repeatedly, this organization has tried but failed to obtain fair hearings on its complaints of the inefficient relief methods." 

Moullette announced today he had prepared a list of questions for relief officials to answer. 

"We intend to ask Mr. Cramer to explain why he and Captain Howard receive from eight to ten cents a mile for operating their automobiles in relief service, while the usual rate for state officials is but five cents a mile," Moullette said.

Manning announced that formal protest will be made at the mass meeting against the recent conduct of Cramer in suppressing information concerning his request for the resignation of Dr. A. L. Stone as Camden municipal relief director. 

"The public," said Manning, "is still awaiting an explanation from Mr. Cramer on his request for Dr. Stone's resignation. It is the right of the tax-paying public to know the reasons behind that request, and whether they had any serious bearing on the administration of relief to the poor and needy."

Camden Courier-Post- June 16, 1933

Cramer Denies County Relief Bureau Allied With Sweatshops
Dr. Stone Invites Jobless Union Officials to Conference and Inspection 

Wayland P. Cramer, director of the Camden County Emergency Relief Administration, yesterday ridiculed charges his bureau is allied with sweatshops, as publicly issued by the New Jersey Unemployed Union, at a mass meeting here. 

At the same time Dr. Arthur L. Stone, city health officer and director of the city emergency relief board welcomed spokesmen of the unemployed to a conference. Dr. Stone announced he will accompany the committee today on a tour of inspection of the city relief bureau. 

Director Cramer at first refused to "dignify with an answer" the charges of the unemployed. Later he issued a statement leveled at "insidious attacks of agitators endeavoring to break down the hope and faith in the future of our government, our home and our institutions." 

Promises Inquiry 

Questioned as to his attitude on two affidavits obtained by the unemployed union, in which it is charged Mrs. Viola Baker, municipal relief director of Magnolia, had used her position to subsidize persons in need of aid, Director Cramer said: 

"If those affidavits are turned in to me, I shall see that they are examined as to the facts and by the proper authorities." 

Cramer announced that John Colt, state relief director, would have a final decision to make concerning the request of the Courier-Post Newspapers for a list of salaries of employees of the Camden County Relief Administration.

Colt, through his deputy, Col. Joseph D. Sears, refused this week to permit publication of the salary lists in newspapers, declaring it would "impose a hardship and embarrass the little fellows on the payroll." Colt is reported to be reconsidering his first decision. 

"In spite of the insidious attacks of agitators endeavoring to break down the hope and faith in the future of our government, our homes, and our institutions, the vast majority of the people are 'carrying on' in a generously patriotic manner that is absolutely necessary to bring back the stable employment conditions which mean so much to all of us," Cramer said. 

Demands Co-operation 

"Every man and woman must do everything in their power to maintain the internal security of this country. I am doing my part by giving the best of my ability to honestly and ably organize and expedite the functioning of Emergency Relief throughout Camden County. 

"Unless adequate relief is given to each and every deserving person, there is a failure which we take very much to heart. At the same time, we must make certain that those who are not deserving receive punishment for taking away the portion due those who are. 

"Qualified citizens will find the records open for examination; all suggestions for the improvement of our service will be welcomed and, as in the past, will be acknowledged. 
"This is a public relief administration, and its success to the fullest extent is dependent upon the full and whole-hearted co-operation of every citizen of Camden County." 

Stone Sees Unemployed 

Dr. Stone conferred with Frank J. Manning, president of the Unemployed Union of New Jersey; Clarence E. Moulette, executive secretary, and George Yost, state organizer of the Young Peoples' Socialist Party.

The trio, Dr. Stone said, called on him to discuss their request for representation within the relief administration. 

"I believe," Dr. Stone said, "that it is only fair that these gentlemen and any others from representative organizations should have an opportunity to look into the inner workings of the relief administration. Of course, it is human to make mistakes, but I want to show these men that if mistakes were made they were made honestly.

"I shall open the office records for their inspection and shall do my utmost to explain all details of relief work to their satisfaction. 

"If, after the tour of inspection, these men still insist on representation in my department of relief work, I shall take up that question for further consideration." " 

Camden Courier-Post- June 20, 1933

Hatch Estate Drives Jobless From Gardens 
Gives Them 24 Hours to Get Out; City Offers Aid to Victims

Sixteen unemployed gardeners have been given 24 hours' notice by the city to vacate their plots on the Hatch estate, planted under supervision of the Camden City Emergency Relief Administration, it was revealed last night. 

"Some of the legal tangle between the owners of the property and the city of Camden was given as reason for the move. 

The disclosure was made at a meeting of the Unemployed Union of New Jersey, held at 312 Market Street. A committee of the union will call on the relief administration today to protest against the removal order.

The gardens were planted to provide fruit and vegetables for families of the unemployed. The Hatch estate tract is one of several sites throughout the city where this work has been under way.

The Unemployed Union, through Frank J. Manning, president, and Clarence E. Moullette, executive secretary, question the right of the city to order the gardeners from the field. They hold that under a New Jersey law, no contract, no matter under what terms negotiated, can be abrogated after a crop is planted until it has been reaped. 

The notice to the gardeners was sent to Raymond A. Miller, 761 Carman Street, by Arthur M. Taylor, work relief director under Dr. Arthur L. Stone, municipal relief administrator. It follows: 

"Mr. M. Bergen Stone, an attorney representing the Hatch Estate, owners of the property on which are located the Miller Gardens, has given us notice of repossession within the next 24 hours. 

"It seems that some legal tangle has arisen between the owners of this property and the city of Camden and it is necessary for the present owner to have sole and complete possession and occupation of these premises. It will therefore be necessary that the shack you have begun to build be dismantled and that the gardeners on your tract be notified of this action before noon on Tuesday, June 20. 

"Be assured that I will do the best, that I possibly can to relocate your gardens and that anything that you have growing that is transplantable, you will be allowed to transplant. Please see that this information is given to your other gardeners at once so that the owners can get possession immediately." 

The union also drafted a letter to Mayor Roy R. Stewart, charging neglect in connection with the collapse on Sunday of two house fronts on Bridge Avenue, in which one man was injured fatally. 

The union urged demolition of all unsafe properties in the city and recommended the city commissioners seek a loan from the federal government to abolish "slums" of Camden. Such a project, the union points out, would greatly relieve unemployment here. .

Camden Courier-Post - June 22, 1933

Dr. Stone Reveals $32,312 Has Been Spent to Help Evicted Families

Funds raised in Camden's recent Block-Aid campaign are being used exclusively by Dr. A. L. Stone, city emergency relief director, to help in the housing of evicted families.

Dr. Stone revealed yesterday the Block-Aid fund turned over to him last month by Russell H. Nulty, executive director of the drive, totaled $32,312.41. The amount is exclusive of $2058.43 in salaries and other expenses connected with the recent campaign, which lasted from November to May. 

The Block-Aid money will not last longer than July 15, Dr. Stone said. He deposited the fund with City Comptroller Sidney P. McCord and has been making use of it since May 15. 

"We have been spending the money at the rate of about $9,000 every two weeks," Dr. Stone said. "The fund is supplementary to an appropriation of $40,000 by the city commission to provide for homeless families. The city has been giving tax credits up to that total property owners for housing families on relief." 

The director reported the relief organization has found accommodations for between 700 and 800 families in the last few weeks with the limited sums at hand, and all without display and with minimum inconvenience to the individuals benefited. 

"Camden is the only city of its size in the state giving outstanding attention to eviction cases, both from the standpoint of the landlord and the homeless family," Dr. Stone said. 

The director stated that he had hoped to use the Block-Aid fund for other relief purposes, but found the demand for it so great in the handling of eviction cases that he deemed it advisable so to apply it. Under the law, such funds may be employed at the director's discretion. 

The Block-Aid campaign organization functioned under the direction of Mayor Roy R. Stewart as chairman and with Nulty as executive director during the six months' of its' existence. Its goal was $100,000. 

Dr. Stone said that in spite of economic conditions generally the public showed its generosity. He commended and thanked Mayor Stewart, Nulty and the other Block-Aid officials and volunteers for their efforts during the campaign.

Camden Courier-Post - June 24, 1933

Jobless Relief Among Court House Garbage

Receptacles containing refuse and garbage from the county jail are shown above in the old courthouse building basement, where a group of needy awaiting clothing and shoes. Representatives of the Unemployed Union charge that conditions at the distribution station are a health hazard and have complained to the Emergency Relief.

Jobless Applicants Compelled To Wait Beside
Garbage Cans In Court House Basement

Dr. Stone Calls for Removal of Refuse After Complaint Stench Menaces
Health of Tattered Relief Seekers; Custodian Denies Anything Wrong

Charges that unsanitary conditions exist in the basement of the old court house building where hundreds of needy receive clothing and shoes were made yesterday by Clarence E. Moullette, secretary of the Unemployed Union. 

Moullette, who called on Dr. A. L. Stone, city health director, stated that stench arising from accumulation of garbage and refuse from the county jail menaced the health of persons who must call at the temporary headquarters for clothing.

Stone Orders Removal

Dr. Stone said the place was opened in an emergency after forced removal from the former distributing station at West and Clinton streets.

He ordered the debris removed. Yesterday more than 100 men, women and children were crowded there and some, Moullette complained, must remain for periods of more than four hours before their wants are filled.

"When the Emergency Relief Committee took over the present quarters," Moullette said, "it was promised that the unsanitary condition would be corrected.

"Responsibility for the stench of moldy garbage remaining in the small space to which these unfortunates must come should be placed on the custodian of the building. Such conditions should not be allowed to exist even if there were no people forced to enter the place.

"Unlimited space is available in the new City Hall building for accommodation of these people, and it appears that one of the chief reasons why that space is not used is that appearance of poorly-clad unemployed persons and their children is offensive to some of the occupants of the building."

Dr. Stone accompanied Moullette in an inspection through the temporary headquarters, and stated that arrangements are being made to use additional rooms in the basement to accommodate applicants for clothing. He stated that orders were issued for daily removal of all refuse.

Thomas Dickinson, acting custodian of the court house, stated last night that garbage was removed from the basement daily."

"The garbage is collected at 11 a. m. each day," he said. "If these complainers saw any garbage, they saw it before it was collected this morning or some which had been placed there after the day's collection, awaiting collection tomorrow."

Camden Courier-Post - June 24, 1933

Stricken by Food in Camden Factory

Two girl employees of the RCA Victor Company who are among nearly 100 persons suffering from ptomaine poisoning as the result of eating from "box lunches." Miss Clara Schaeffer, left, of Gloucester, and Miss Violetta Brown, Brooklawn, were confined to their beds at their homes last night after receiving treatment at Cooper Hospital.

New York Ship Employees Sent to Hospital From Ptomaine
Sandwiches Served by Philadelphia Caterer Believed to Be Responsible

Nearly 100 Camden factory and shipyard workers were poisoned yesterday after eating food contained in box lunches.

More than 60 of the workers, stricken at their machines in. the RCA Victor Company plants, were rushed to the company's dispensary and local hospitals. Many are reported in serious condition.

At the New York Shipbuilding Company others became ill after partaking of the lunches. Four are in West. Jersey Homeopathic Hospital recovering from the effects of the poisoned food. At least three more were stricken at the leather plant of the John R. Evans Company, Second and Erie Streets.

In Philadelphia more than a score of laundry workers were carried to physicians and hospitals, all said to be victims of contaminated foods. Physicians believed all would recover.

Dr. David D. Helm, city sanitary inspector, believed the ptomaine condition resulted from the eating of egg sandwiches.

Dr. Helm, along with Sergeant Rox Saponare and detectives, last night questioned Ray Konst, 3313 D Street, Philadelphia, owner of a Philadelphia box lunch concern.

Put Ban on Sales

Following the quizzing, Konst was ordered to refrain from further selling of the box lunches in Camden, pending the result of an investigation. He also must obtain complete approval from the Philadelphia Board of Health before being allowed to resume operations here. 

The boxes, distributed by Konst, are labeled "The Majestic Lunch." Konst declared that never before had complaint reached him as to the quality of his food. 

"I have ordered distribution of Majestic Lunches in Camden be stopped," Dr. Helm said, "until the investigation has been completed and the health authorities in Philadelphia to whom all evidence will be given because they supervise this company, give them a clean bill of health."            

Two of the box lunches have been obtained by police and will be chemically analyzed today by order of Dr. A. L. Stone, city health officer.

Konst assured police he would assist in any manner possible to learn the source and nature of the foodstuff causing the illness.

Woman First Victim

'The first illness occurred shortly after 3 p. m. at the RCA Victor plant. A young woman was overcome after partaking of a glass of water. She was taken to the dispensary where Dr. Reuben L. Sharp said she was suffering from ptomaine poisoning. 

Within a short time several other girls and men in various sections of the plant were stricken. Some fainted at their machines and had to be carried to the dispensary.

Soon Dr. Sharp and his staff of nurses had more than, they could handle. Private automobiles were pressed into service and many of the victims taken to Cooper Hospital, where stomach pumps were used to clear their bodies of the poisonous food.

One man, B. H. Poole, 40, of 144 North Sixtieth street, Philadelphia, was admitted and his condition described as serious.

Others were treated and sent to their homes, where many were at­tended last night by their personal physicians.

Girl Describes Scene

Miss Clara. Shaeffer, 19, of 226 South Fifth Street, Gloucester, employed at the RCA Victor, told of the scenes near her shortly before she became ill and was rushed to Cooper Hospital for treatment.

"I saw many of the girls running upstairs to the restroom," Miss Schaeffer said at her home, where she is confined to bed, "but paid little attention to them, although several had to be assisted up the steps.

"Suddenly I felt sick at my stomach and had a desire for a drink of water. I asked the girl next to me to get me a drink, but she was unable to leave her machine at the time and I walked to the fountain.

"After taking the drink everything seemed to whirl about and I thought I was going to faint. I told my foreman and he ordered me taken to the dispensary.

"When I arrived there the place was filled and someone took me to Cooper Hospital, where the doctor gave me some medicine and I was taken to my home."

Miss Schaeffer said she grew worse after she arrived home and her parents summoned a physician.

Fall at Machines

Others told similar stories of the scenes as worker after worker was stricken. Plant officials said many had fallen where they stood, the ptomaine attack seizing them so suddenly they had no time to summon aid. 

Konst told Detectives Benjamin Simon and John Opfer that he sells more than 200 box lunches in Camden daily. He has agents at the RCA plants, New York Shipyard and at the leather companies.

He also sells more than 500 box lunches daily in Philadelphia.

The lunch yesterday was made up of a cheese sandwich, an egg and lettuce sandwich, a piece of apple pie, cupcake and fruit. Some of the lunches contained tuna fish sandwiches.

Man's Condition Serious

According to Dr. Helm, all of those taken ill had eaten the egg sandwiches, some had partaken of the tuna fish and others of the cheese.

One man became ill when he ate half an egg sandwich given him by a fellow employee late in the afternoon. 

The laundry workers affected were employed at the Forrest Laundry, 1225 West Columbia Avenue, Philadelphia.

One of these, John Gilligan, 52, of 1923 East Willard Street, was taken to St. Luke's and Children's Homeopathic Hospital in a critical condition. 

Police were checking other hospitals to learn if additional victims were unreported. 

Camden Courier-Post - June 24, 1933

Partial List Of Poisoned

A partial list of the nearly 100 persons poisoned by food at local factories yesterday follows:


Treated at Dispensary:

Barbara White, 3136 North Twenty-ninth Street, Philadelphia.

Vera White, 825 North Sixth Street, Philadelphia.

E. B. Bauers, 1255 Kenwood Avenue.

Mary Mossman, 3163 Amber Street, Philadelphia.

Anna Cullen, 2124 Memphis Street, Philadelphia.

Clyde Lape, 562 Mickle Street.

WIlliam H. Scott, 222 Crestmont Terrace, Collingswood.

M. E. Wagner, 581 Carman Street.

A. Burman, 1466 Kenwood Avenue.

Miss M. Brennan, 2141 North Dover Street, Philadelphia.

Emma Randelbach, Lindenwold,

John Derry, Camden.

Helen Shevlin, 854 South Fifth Street.  

Miss Shaefer, 2825 Amber Street, Philadelphia.

Treated at Cooper Hospital:

B. H. Poole, 40, of 144 North Sixtieth Street, Philadelphia.

Admitted to hospital.

Miss Violetta Brown, 21, Brooklawn.

Miss Clara Schaeffer, 226 South Fifth Street, Gloucester.

Dorothy Kurtz, 32, of 308 Penn Street.

Alfred Shaefer, 42, of 932 Cooper Street.

Gertrude Carl, 17, of 820 Brown Street, Gloucester.

Peter I. Cassell, 42, of 353 East Cambria Street, Philadelphia.

Willard Stipezell, 25, of 3918 Camden Avenue.

Frank Di Nardo, 24, of 222 Second Street, Schenectady, N. Y.


Treated at West Jersey Homeopathic Hospital:

Howard Fryer, 42, of 214 Bergen Street, Gloucester.

William Shaeffer, 54, Woodbury Heights.

Philip Saponaro, 33, of, 422 Evans Street.

John Joyce, 32, of 310 Manton Street, Philadelphia. 

Camden Courier-Post- June 28, 1933

Leaders Aim to Have Demonstration Similar to That of Labor Day

Plans for a Fourth of July demonstration, similar to labor demonstrations staged throughout the world each year on May 1, will be formulated tomorrow night at a mass meeting conducted by the Unemployed Union of New Jersey, according to an announcement yesterday by Frank J. Manning, president.

Manning said the meeting in Convention Hall Annex would be addressed by Mark Starr, professor of economics, and Josephine Colby, instructor of English, of Brookwood Labor College, and by three students of the college.

The Unemployed Union tomorrow night, will demand that the city commission hold a public hearing on housing conditions in Camden and the proposal of the union to establish municipally operated living quarters, Manning said.

Dr. A. L. Stone, city health director and chairman of the Camden city emergency relief administration, will be asked for his conclusions on representation of the union on the city relief board, Manning said.

The demonstration on July 4, according to Manning, will start with a parade at 10 a. m., to be followed by a mass meeting on the steps of the City Hall plaza, before the buses and automobiles leave for Kirkwood Lake, where a picnic will be held in the afternoon.

The parade will assemble at Second and Cooper Streets, Manning said, and will march on Cooper Street to Fourth, to Newton Avenue, to Broadway, to Federal Street, to the City Hall.

The Unemployed Union, according to Manning, will co-operate with the Socialist Party for the picnic. Norman Thomas has been invited to speak, he said.

The three Socialist candidates for Assembly - Manning, Charles W. Sherlock and Herman F. Niessner- will present their platforms. In addition. numerous athletic events; including a baseball game, have been arranged, he said.

"The Unemployed Union urges all workers and farmers in Camden county to assemble for a mighty labor demonstration on July 4," Manning said. "We shall make known our demands for action to relieve unemployment, to end inhuman wages and ruinously low prices for our products. We shall set forth the plans at the Continental Congress of Workers and Farmers, with which the union is affiliated, for wiping poverty from the face of the earth and for building a world with plenty and happiness for all.

"We shall hold a short mass meeting on the steps of City Hall Plaza at which the New Declaration of Independence of the Continental Congress will be read.

"July 4 must be made the occasion for building up, the solidarity and power of farmers and workers. A powerful well-rounded labor movement could drive corruption and graft out of our public life, abolish sweatshops and build a workers' world of peace, plenty and freedom."

Regarding the platform of the three Socialistic candidates for Assembly, Manning said:

"Our platform will be constructive and in the interests of the workers and farmers of the state. We shall go into every corner of this county with our platform and we shall also challenge our opponents to meet us in debate so that the voters may have a chance to know where all the candidates stand on important issues."

Camden Courier-Post - July 11, 1933
C.B. Coles & Sons Lumber Co. - Kaighn's Point - Knight Street - Front Street - Mechanic Street
Atlantic Avenue - Kaighn Avenue - South Second Street - Margaret Dolson - Robert Dolson
Engine Company 8 - George Tucker - Charles Voll
Dr. Arthur L. Stone - Mrs. Marion Richards
Henry C. Coles - John Bircher - John H. Lennox - James H. Long - Harry Hertline
Joseph Novack - E.H. Stewart
Camden Clown Club - James Shay - Alice Williams - Alice Shay - William Shay
Stanley Berthelot - Henry Small - James Rice - William Haines - Anna Parker - Mary Numbers 
Engine Company 2 - Engine Company 7 - William Hopkins - Felix Bendzyn
Dennis Block - C.E. Wells - Howe Street - Cedar Street - Wiley Mission

Camden Courier-Post - August 9, 1933

Relief Here Again Refused 'Migratory' Family of Seven Ex-Camdenites Return Here, Refuse to Go Back in Their Car Despite
Fact That Virginia City Is Willing to Take Care of Them

Nature's laws protect the migratory homing bird, but man­made laws offer poverty and star­vation for human beings who re­turn to live in the state of their former residence after suffering adversity in another. 

That condition arose yesterday as a serious relief problem when Mrs. Myrtle M. Hettrick, 42, of 905 Moore Street, mother of five children, again was refused aid by the Camden city emergency relief administration.

Neither Mrs. Hettrick nor her husband, Arthur, 53, are legal residents of Camden or the state of New Jersey due to their removal from this city two years ago and establishment of a residence in. Norfolk, Va., Dr. A. L. Stone, municipal relief director, explained.

Mrs. Hettrick said that her husband obtained work in Norfolk

(Continued on Page 'Three)


January 24, 1938


January 29, 1938

Camden Courier-Post - February 4, 1938

Calls Nationwide Crusade One of Most Forward Steps Yet Taken

Observance throughout the United States of "National Social Hygiene Day" was lauded by Dr. Arthur L. Stone, director of the city health bureau, as one of the most forward steps taken to bring out in to the open a nationwide crusade against social diseases.

The results of the crusade inaugurated jointly by the U. S. Public Health Service, the, American Social Hygiene Association and the New Jersey. State Health Department has already shown productive results in combating these diseases, Dr. Stone said yesterday.

"The city health bureau is cooperating with local hospitals and all physicians in this campaign," Dr. Stone said. A registered nurse has been assigned to our department by the state health department. This young woman is doing wonderful work in tracing sources of infection and getting' these afflicted people to take treatment."

In one local hospital more than 300 persons were treated last week, and in the past few weeks the num­ber has increased at each clinic, Dr. Stone reported.

"Persons who know they are infected, and those who may suspect they may have contracted a disease, are not compelled to pay for examination or treatment," Dr. Stone said. "Both local hospitals are equipped to take care of those requiring treatment.

"Neither should any person pay a physician an exorbitant fee for such treatment. All social disease, if detected in time, can be cured by prompt and regular treatment."

Camden Courier-Post - February 8, 1938


Dr. Arthur L. Stone, city health director, yesterday revealed that 217 cases of measles have been reported to his office since January 1, compared with two cases for the same time last year.

"Measles epidemics”, he said, "seem to occur periodically and I will not be surprised if we are in for one right now. We probably will have a number of new cases within the next few weeks."

He renewed his warning of a week ago to parents regarding possible serious complications from measles.

"The day has passed," he said, "when measles is to be considered lightly. If not treated properly it can result in pneumonia, particularly among babies and very young children. The best precaution is to call the family doctor as soon as the first symptoms- head colds and watery eyes- appear;"

Of the 217 cases reported this year, Dr. Stone said 161 were reported in January, and 56 since February 1.

Camden Courier-Post
July 24, 1941

Camden Courier-Post
July 26, 1941