BARTON LANE was born in Camden in November of 1840 to James S. and Mary Lane. His father was a bookbinder. The Lane family had moved Camden shortly after the birth of older brother James M. Lane, and they were in town in time for the 1840 Census. When the census was taken in 1850 the Lane family included older siblings John, William, Charles Ann, James M. and Theophilus Lane. Barton Lane appears in the 1860 Census living in Camden's South Ward with his parents, widowed sister Anna and her children, and older brothers Theophilus Lane. 

Barton Lane enlisted as a private in the 4th New Jersey Infantry Militia Regiment (Also known as the Twentieth New Jersey Infantry) on April 27,1861, and was subsequently assigned to Company G. He served alongside his brother, Corporal James M. Lane. The Fourth Regiment Militia was commanded by Colonel Matthew Miller, Jr.; his officers were Lieutenant Colonel Simpson R. Stroud and Major Robert C. Johnson. This regiment was mustered into the U. S. service at Trenton, April 27, 1861, to serve for three months, and left the state for Washington, D. C., on May 3, with 37 commissioned officers and 743 non-commissioned officers and privates, a total of 777. On the evening of May 5 it reached the capital, and on the 9th it was ordered to go into camp at Meridian hill, where, within a few days the entire brigade was encamped, and where, on the 12th, it was honored by a visit from the president, who warmly complimented the appearance of the troops. On the evening of May 23 it joined the 2nd and 3d regiments and about midnight took up the line of march in silence for the bridge that spanned the Potomac. This bridge was crossed at 2 o'clock on the morning of the 24th, the 2nd was posted at Roach's spring, and the 3d and 4th about half a mile beyond on the Alexandria road. On July 16, a guard was detailed from the 4th for a section of the Orange & Alexandria railroad, which it was important to hold; one company from the regiment guarded the Long bridge; still another was on duty at Arlington mills; and the remainder of the regiment, together with the 2nd, was ordered to proceed to Alexandria. On July 24, the term of service having expired, the 4th returned to New Jersey and was mustered out at Trenton, July 31, 1861. The total strength of the regiment was 783, and it lost by discharge 6, by promotion 2, by death 2 and by desertion 7, mustered out, 766. Barton Lane was among those mustered out on July 31, 1861 at Trenton. Barton Lane returned to Camden, but not for long.

On August 12, 1862 Barton Lane enlisted for one year's service in the United States Navy. He served aboard the USS. Princeton and the USS. Powhatan. 

The USS Princeton, a 1370-ton screw steamer, was built at the Boston Navy Yard, Massachusetts, using the engines from the previous USS Princeton in a new hull. She was completed for service in November 1852, with the intention of sending her to the Far East, but problems with her boilers prevented the deployment. After repairs, Princeton served along the East Coast and in the Caribbean area until June 1855, when she was placed in ordinary. She was used as receiving ship at Philadelphia from 1857 until she was sold in 1866. 

The USS Powhatan was a sidewheel steam frigate, named for Powhatan, a Native American chief of eastern Virginia. She was one of the last, and largest, of the United States Navy's paddle frigates. Powhatan's keel was laid on August 6 1847 at Norfolk, Virginia. Her engines were constructed by Mehaffy & Company of Gosport, Virginia. She cost $785,000. She was launched on February 14, 1850 by the Norfolk Navy Yard and commissioned on September 2, 1852, Captain William Mervine in command. Powhatan, under Comdr. William J. McCluney, was next assigned to the East India Squadron and arrived on station via Cape of Good Hope on June 15, 1853. Her arrival in Chinese waters coincided with an important phase of Commodore Matthew C. Perry's negotiations for commercial relations with the Japanese and the opening of two ports. She was Perry's flagship during his November visit to Whampoa. On February 14, 1854 she entered Yedo (Tokyo) Bay with the rest of the squadron and the Convention of Kanagawa was signed on March 31, 1854.

During August 1855 Powhatan accompanied HMS Rattler in a successful battle against Chinese pirates off Kowloon, and reached the U.S. on February 14, 1856 with the new treaty. 

The US-Japan Treaty of Amity and Commerce was signed on her deck on July 19, 1858. On February 13, 1860, the Powhatan accompanied by a Japanese capital ship, Kanrin Maru that departed on February 9, left Yokohama, Japan, en route to San Francisco as part of the first official embassy of the Empire of Japan to the United States of America. 

Powhatan remained active throughout the Civil War. She served as Flag Officer Garrett J. Pendergrast's flagship at Vera Cruz during October 1860. In April 1861, while under the command of Lt. David Dixon Porter, she assisted in the relief of Fort Pickens, Florida, and in the establishment of the blockade of Mobile, Alabama on May 26, capturing schooner Mary Clinton on May 29. During July and August Powhatan joined the blockade of the Southwest Pass of the Mississippi River, retaking schooner Abby Bradford on August 15. From late August to October she pursued CSS Sumter throughout much of the West Indies.

Barton Lane was serving aboard Powhatan when she operated off Charleston, South Carolina from October 1862 to August 1863. USS Powhatan captured the schooner Major E. Willis on April 19 and sloop C. Routereau on May 16, 1863. Barton Lane completed his term of service with the Navy and mustered out on September 1, 1863. While serving aboard the USS Powhatan, one of his shipmates was First Class Fireman William P. Marsh. Both men would later serve as members of the Camden Fire Department. 

After another stay in Camden, Barton Lane once again went off to war. On September 19, 1864 Barton Lane enlisted in Company K, New Jersey 2nd Cavalry Regiment. He joined the regiment in Memphis, Tennessee and participated in the raid on Egypt Station on December 18, 1864. As an incident of the expedition sent out from Memphis to destroy the Mobile & Ohio railroad, the Union troops, which included the Seventh Indiana, Fourth and Eleventh Illinois, Fourth and Tenth Missouri, Second Wisconsin, Second New Jersey, First Mississippi, and Third U.S. Colored Cavalry attacked the enemy at Egypt Station on the morning of December 28. The Confederate force was about 1,200 strong and consisted of 
infantry, cavalry and 4 guns mounted on platform cars. Two trains of Confederate troops under Major General Gardner were in sight when the attack was made, but a Federal force being thrown between them and the stockade, which was taken by assault in 2 hours, they were unable to do anything. The entire garrison, numbering 500, were made prisoners. The 
casualties are not given, but it is noted that Confederate Brigadier General Gholson was killed. The Union force also captured or destroyed 300 army wagons, 4,000 new carbines, an immense amount of ammunition, two trains of cars and a large amount of commissary and quartermaster's stores.

Private Barton Lane mustered out once and for all with his regiment on June 29, 1865 at Vicksburg, Mississippi. Returning home from the war, Barton Lane returned to Camden, married Drucilla Ivins in 1866 and started a family. The 1870 Census shows Barton Lane, wife Drucilla and their children Joseph and Virginia in Camden's South Ward, where they lived two doors away from future Chief of the Camden Fire Department Henry F. Surault and three doors from future Chief of Department and Mayor Claudius Bradshaw. 

It should be noted that Barton Lane was related by marriage to three Camden Fire Department members of the 1870s. In April of 1866, Drucilla Ivins Lane's brother Alfred Ivins married Emma Streeper, a sister of John W. Streeper. William Gleason had already married Ellen Ivins. 

On December 7, 1869 the Camden Fire Department went into service. Barton Lane's older brother James M. Lane was one of the charter members, serving as an extra man with the Hook & Ladder Company

On October 9, 1872 Barton Lane was appointed to the Camden Fire Department to serve as a stoker with Engine Company 2 as a replacement for Henry Grosscup, who had resigned. He was dismissed from this position on November 6, 1872 and was replaced by Joseph Swing, who served for less than a month before being replaced in turn by Thomas McLaughlin.  

On April 8, 1877 Barton Lane's older brother Charles M. Lane was appointed to the Camden Fire Department as an extra man with the Hook & Ladder Company, taking the place of his brother James M. Lane, who had been promoted to foreman of the Company, a position similar to that of modern day Captain. Charles M. Lane was removed from service on November 24 and was replaced by Benjamin Cavanaugh.

The 1878-1879 Camden City Directory lists Barton Lane at 650 John Street, which was renamed Locust Street in later years. By the time the 1880 Census was taken, Barton Lane and his family, which now included three more children, James, Ella, and Annie had moved across the street to 649 John Street. By the end of 1881 the Lanes had moved, and William Wannan, who would be appointed to the Fire Department the next year, had moved in. The 1881-1882 City Directory shows Barton Lane at 230 Line Street.

The 1882-1883 City Directory lists Barton Lane at 675 Spring Street. The 1883-1884 and 1884-1885 City Directories show Barton Lane at 701 Spring Street. The 1887 City Directory shows Barton Lane at 648 South 2nd Street. He lived at 655 Locust Street in 1888 and stayed through at least 1892. 

On November 3, 1892 Barton Lane was granted an invalid's pension for his Civil War Service.

The 1893-1894 Directory shows the Lane family at 213 Line Street. By the following year he had moved to 643 Locust Street, where he stayed into 1895. The 1896 City Directory shows Barton Lane working as a hostler. He then returned to 701 Spring Street for a year. City Directories from 1897 through 1906 reveal that Barton Lane was living at 532 Henry Street in South Camden. The 1900 Census list him, his wife Drucilla and children James M., William, and Joseph, and Joseph's wife Jennie. 

The 1910 Census shows Barton and Drucilla Lane living at 310 Washington Street. He was by then retired. Also living at that address were their children James M., Hannah, William, and Joseph; Joseph's wife Jennie, and their child, Robert. Just around the corner at 424 South 3rd Street lived long-time Camden fire fighter Frank Turner.

Barton Lane died on June 7, 1911. Drucilla Lane was approved for her Civil War widow's pension on June 24, 1911. 

Barton Lane's nephew, Albion R. Lane, was well known in Camden in later years operating a butter and egg business. Albion Lane's grandson, Robert C. Lane, was killed in action in North Africa in 1943.

Civil War Pension Record